The Clerget Aero Engine
The Clerget aero engines were designed and manufactured by the Société Clerget-Blin et Cie, a precision engineering company based in France, which mainly produced aircraft
Their successful rotary engine designs were additionally built in Britain by companies such as Gwynnes Ltd, Ruston Proctor and Gordon Watney, to increase the output in the times of World
The World War I rotary engines had a unique operating characteristic in which the engine crankcase and cylinders would rotate, while the crankshaft was stationary.
The weight of the spinning engine mass created a gyroscopic effect, which would impact the flying characteristics of the airplane. The induced torque effect into the airframe created
a limitation for the rotary engines as aircraft grew in size requiring rpm above 1,400 and ever greater horsepower.
If any engine could be said to be the standard power unit of the Camel then it was the
130 h.p. Clerget 9B or later the 9BF.
The Sopwith F1 Camel
The Sopwith Camel was a British First World War single-seat biplane fighter introduced on the Western Front in 1917. Manufactured by Sopwith Aviation Company, it had a
short-coupled fuselage, heavy, powerful rotary engine, and concentrated fire from twin synchronized machine guns.
Though difficult to handle, to an experienced pilot it provided unmatched maneuverability.
A superlative fighter, the Camel was credited with shooting down 1,294 enemy aircraft, more than any other Allied fighter of the war. It also served as a ground-attack
aircraft, especially near the end of the conflict, when it was outclassed in the air-to-air role by newer fighters.
Approximately 5,490 units were ultimately produced.